Around the same time that pastoral societies were on the rise, another type of society developed, based on the newly developed capacity for people to grow and cultivate plants. ... A preindustrial society or a rural village in a more complex society are examples of a Gemeinschaft. Horticultural. Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,000–12,000 years ago. Agricultural societies. Previously, the depletion of a region’s crops or water supply forced pastoral societies to relocate in search of food sources for their livestock. Pastoral societies include groups of pastoralists who center their daily life around pastoralism through the tending of herds or flocks. Pastoralist society emerged in regions that horticulture was impractical. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies. Horticultural societies obtained food easier than the hunter-gather society because they grew their own vegetables and some raised domesticated animals but they also had struggles; due to nature, pest, and other uncontrollable things. Introduction “A horticultural society is a social system based on horticulture, a mode of production in which digging sticks are used to cultivate small gardens”. Today, most pastoralists live in Mongolia, parts of Central Asia and East African locations. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies. Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,000–12,000 years ago. It differs from farming also in its relatively more primitive technology. The Pastoral Society was established when people's basic needs were not addressed by hunting and gathering societies. Horticulture society is based on the cultivation of fruits, vegetables and plants in order to survive. Pastoral societies also allow for job specialization. In a Gesellschaft most social relationships are based on need rather than on emotion. Primitive culture - Primitive culture - Horticultural societies: Primitive agriculture is called horticulture by anthropologists rather than farming because it is carried on like simple gardening, supplementary to hunting and gathering. Pastoral societies 3. Previously, the depletion of a region’s crops or water supply forced pastoral societies to relocate in search of food sources for their livestock. Horticultural societies are differentiated from hunting and gathering societies by the use of domesticated plants as the major basis for survival. 2. Essay on Horticultural Societies – i. 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